Main Purification measures of Panchakarma
1) Vamana: Emesis Therapy : Vaman is used to clean the Kapha from the body completely. Vaman also helps to control certain Pitta disorder i.e problems related to digesition. with the help of Ayurvedic Panchkarma, kapha in the body is brought in the stomach by using various pre-panchakaram treatment like Snehan& Swedan,which is also applicable on chest & mouth & relives congestion & mucus plugs.When there is congestion in the lungs causing repeated attacks of bronchitis, colds, cough or asthma, the Ayurvedic treatment is therapeutic vomiting - Vamana, to eliminate the Kapha whic is causing the excess mucus.
2) Virechana: Purgation Therapy the main site of pitta is the middle part of are body i.e.navel area. The digestive system is cleaned by this process of purgation. In Ayurvadic Panchakarma virechana is the best treatment for pitta problems. It also acts on vata and kapha problems.
3) Basti: Enema Therapy : Vata's predominant site is the colon. Ayurvedic Basti involves the introduction into the rectum of herbal concoctions of sesame oil, and certain herbal preparations in a liquid medium. Basti, is the most effective treatment of Vata disorders, although many enemas over a prescribed period of time are usually required. It relieves constipation, distention, chronic fever, cold, sexual disorders, kidney stones, heart pain, backache, sciatica and other pains in the joints. Many other Vata disorders such as arthritis, rheumatism, gout, muscle spasms and headaches may also be treated with Basti. Basti therapy is divided in two main types –
Anuvasana Basti - medicated oil enemas and
Anuvasana (oil enema) is used in pure vata disorders and when a person is having excess hunger or dryness related to vata imbalances.
Niruha Basti - medicated enema of decoctions and medicated
Niruha-Asthapana (decoction enema) is used, among other conditions, for evacuation of vata, nervous diseases, gastro-intestinal vata conditions, gout, certain fever conditions, unconsciousness, certain urinary conditions, appetite, pain, hyperacidity and heart diseases.
Uttara Basti (through the urethra with men or vagina with women) is used for selected semen and ovulation disorders and for some problems involving painful urination or bladder infections. This is not to be used for someone with diabetes.
Matra Basti (daily oil enema) is used by someone emaciated by overwork or too much exercise, too much heavy lifting, walking too long of a distance, too much sexual activity or someone with chronic vata disorders. It does not need to be accompanied by any strict dietary restriction or daily routine and can be administered, in the appropriate cases, in all seasons. It gives strength, promotes weight and helps elimination of waste products.
Karma Basti (schedule of 30 bastis),
Kala Basti (schedule of 15 bastis; 10 oil + 5 decoction
Yoga Basti (schedule of 8 bastis; 5 oil + 3 decoction).
In karma, kala and yoga bastis, it is better to give both types of basti in combination and not the oil and decoction separately. The conditions under which these are recommended are too detailed to be able to list in this article. In general, the indications and contra-indications that apply to basti also apply here.
Bruhana Basti (nutritional enema) is used for providing deep nutrition in select conditions. Traditionally, highly nutritive substances have been used, such as warm milk, meat broth, bone marrow soup and herbs like shatavari or ashwagandha.
General Indications for Basti:
constipation low back ache gout rheumatism sciatica arthritis nervous disorders vata headache emaciation muscular atrophy
General Contra-Indications for Basti (include but are not limited to the following):
Enema therapy should not be used if the patient is suffering from diarrhea, bleeding of the rectum, chronic indigestion, breathlessness, diabetes, fever, emaciation, severe anaemia, pulmonary tuberculosis, old age or for children below the age of seven years.
For oil enemas: diabetes, obesity, indigestion, low agni, enlarged liver or spleen, unconsciousness, tuberculosis and cough. for decoction enemas: debility, hiccough, hemorrhoids, inflammation of anus, piles, diarrhea, pregnancy, ascites, diabetes and some conditions involving painful or difficult breathing. for nutritional enemas: diabetes, obesity, lymphatic obstruction, ascites. for urethra or vaginal enemas: diabetes
4) Nasya: Nasal Administration nasya is the independent therapy for the problems of the organs related to head region or head part of the body. This therapy is beneficial for all the three doshas and it act specially the three doshas and it act specially on vata and kapha. Nasya is done by ayurvedic experts as an ayurvedic panchkarma therapy which acts on tarpaka kapha and usefull in condition like hemicranias, headache, facial paralysis.
5) Raktamoksham -Blood letting- This therapy is useful for pitta disorder & diseased related to blood. Blood disorder like acne (Pimples), leucoderma, pigmentation, swelling, skin diseases, inflammation, liver & spleen disorder, heat boils, bedsore, non healing ulcers etc.

Panchkarma Experts

  Other Therapies in Purvakarma   Pradhanakarma: Main Purification measures of Panchakarma
Preparation for Panchkarma Process
pointer Snehana /Oleation
pointer Swedana
pointer Nadi swedanam
pointer Pinda Sweda
pointer Shashti-Shali Pindasweda
pointer Indications
pointer Shirodhara
pointer Shirobasti
pointer Kati Basti
pointer Janu Basti
pointer Urobasti
pointer Tarpanam
pointer Uttara Basti
pointer Kizhi
pointer Udvartanam
pointer Indications
pointer Vamana: Emesis Therapy
pointer Virechana: Purgation Therapy
pointer Basti: Enema Therapy
pointer Nasya: Nasal Administration
pointer Raktamoksham -Blood letting
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